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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 12, 2012 4:00pm-4:30pm PST

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>> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." a video that appears to show american marines urinating on the bodies of dead taliban fighters sparks of rage and condemnation. >> it is absolutely inconsistent with american values, with the standards of behavior that we expect from our military personnel. >> a tunisian man set himself on fire and spark a revolution. why are so many still copying him? the many faces of great britain. from the queen's diamond jubilee. these will play a small part in a giant portrait.
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welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. the curse of the camera has come back to bite another group of u.s. servicemen. a video that appears to show four american marines urinating on dead taliban fighters has provoked a strong reaction there and here. hillary clinton condemned the act as utterly deplorable. the afghan president labeled it deeply disturbing. >> it is simply too distasteful to show. what appears to be happening is that a small group of u.s. marines are urinating on the bodies of three debt afghans. we do not know where the video
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came from or whether it is authentic. all indications is that it probably is. the combination it has provoked has been universal. two marines had been identified. >> it is inconsistent with american values, standards of behavior that we expect from our military personnel. the vast majority of our military personnel hold themselves to. >> this is not the first time that u.s. troops have been accused of breaching rules of war. in the past, it has acted quickly to punish those responsible. cleaning up the damage to its reputation is harder. this man says that u.s. troops have committed a crime and should leave the country. their president has demanded an investigation. the biggest fear is that this will damage prospects to a peace talk with insurgents.
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the taliban says a political process still stands. it is more than 10 years since american troops have invaded. as in every conflict, there have been times of excess and abuse. we asked someone to look at this video to see how unusual it is. >> these kinds of things happened in combat zones. you are in a position in war where you have to kill people on site and pretty quickly you have to make a decision. >> whatever the facts of this case, it will harm america's reputation overseas. u.s. troops have pulled out of iraq, they have reduced numbers in afghanistan, and an alternative peace process is under way.
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do not expect any change in politics. >> for more on the impact of this video, i spoke a short while too a veteran to the wars in iraq and afghanistan who is now a senior fellow at the center for new american security. this will not have the same impact as abu griab. what's the timetable for withdrawal as set in stone. the taliban truck to this off. negotiations will proceed. >> we had at the u.s. secretary of state condemning this. >> as well as she should have. the response has been absolutely correct.
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this is deeply embarrassing for the marine corps and for this country. the response was entirely appropriate. >> do you think that these kind of incidents happen more often or less often than in previous conflicts or is it just the nature of too indications today to get these up online and so we see these more quickly. >> perhaps less often if you look at the official u.s. propaganda in the second world war the way in which the japanese photo was dehumanized. you could imagine how that would translate down to the squad and the platoon level. we have studies that have detail of this. the difference today is that with the advent of smart phones, a diffusion of various media, this kind of thing can go viral immediately. on one hand, that is a good way to convince soldiers and marines, do not do this kind of thing. it will get out. when something like this happens, it can have an outside
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atrocities would not have. this kind of thing always happens during a war. the effect of the media has really changed. >> when you served in iraq and afghanistan, you put yourself in position of the soldiers serving and what impact this would have on their mission day to day. >> probably not much. ground down by this. this is a failure of supervision of the commission and noncommissioned officers. i sought a similar incident in 2002 when a young soldier posed with a debt taliban fighters. -- posed with a dead taliban fighter. he was punished and sent home with it. that was in the first month of the war. war always has this dehumanizing effect. this will not have the oversized effect that the abu ghraib incident had.
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this is deeply embarrassing for the u.s. marine corps. the response all the way up to the secretary of state has been correct. >> thank you so much for coming in. >> sure thing. >> one more footnote on the u.s. armed forces. a military tribunal is up recommending a court martial for bradley for providing thousands of secret documents to wikileaks. the tribunal chief believes that the grounds exist that he committed those things that he was accused of. when a fruit cellar set himself on fire in tunisia, he sparked a revolution that changed the arab world. we have uncovered alarming statistics suggesting that he triggered a trend. despite the overthrow of the hated regime and the arrival of democracy, hundreds of
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technicians continue to set themselves not hundreds of -- hundreds of tunisians continued to set themselves alight. >> last month, a man lit himself with a match. he survived but he is here at the burn unit in the capital. he says that he deliberately copied the actions of the man that began the tunisian revolution. he has not become a folk hero and he regrets what he has done >> i was jobless and desperate, he says. the whole country seemed to be on fire, so i set myself on fire, too. i destroyed myself
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psychologically and physically. i also destroyed my family. >> at least three people have set fire to themselves. a crowd desperately tries to distinguish flames on a jobless father of three who died from his injuries. these are men from port areas with basic education. most importantly, they're desperate, out of work. another gunman buys for his life -- another young man fights for his life in the burn unit. since the revolution, there has been a staggering five fold increase in the number of self immolations. >> they think it might solve the
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problem doing the same thing but this is not true at all. this is a dramatic consequences. please stop doing this. >> they may be afforded the honor of being buried in the grave, but martyr's this is in danger of overshadowing the revolution's successes. >> grim actions with terrible consequences. the nigerian president is holding talks with union leaders as a nationwide strike threatens to shut down the nation's oil industry. this is the first time the president has become directly involved. the union says it will bring oil and gas production to a halt unless the government and states
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a fuel consumption -- sarah ferguson is accused of going against the law in acquiring footage and by late in the privacy of five children. drugs and death are painfully late in mexico. for the fifth year running, the number of deaths attributed to the drug war has increased. u.s. figures say 13,000 people were killed between january and september of last year. that takes the total number to more than 27,000. >> the statistics confirm what many mexicans have suspected for some time, for a fifth consecutive year, mexico has experienced a rise in drug- related murders. almost 13,000 people were killed
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in the first nine months of last year. that is up 11.4% from the same time in 2010. conflicts between the powerful drug cartels battling for control of the lucrative smuggling lanes in the u.s. see many committees caught up in the fighting and thousands of mexicans dead. a very small proportion of those murders are never brought to trial, many are never even investigated. while the numbers are large, the government has suspended its military strategy -- has defended its military strategy. the rise was the slowest since 2006 and the violence is concentrated in 8 states, particularly along the northern border. critics say that previously peaceful states are now caught up in the fighting such as veracruz in the east or in the east where -- or in the west
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where acapulco is located. earlier this week, two decapitated bodies were found inside a burning car outside of a shopping center in a wealthy district of the city. there are parts of the country where such an event is an everyday occurrence. there have been improvements in some areas. experts say this might be more to do with this and will cartel taking over control rather than any great success by the military or police. mexico's cartels are still extremely strong, particularly that run by the most powerful drug trafficker. even he has seen his empire weakened and he is fighting other drug gangs. for many mexicans tired of the
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violence, this election year is a chance to register their anchor for the number of murders taking place every year. the governing party is current expected to lose the vote to the party which ran the country for more than 70 years. if that happens, these numbers will have undoubtedly played a large part. >> burma may have taken another step towards the easing of international sanctions by signing a preliminary agreement with the rebels resolving the issue of western conflict. this is one of the conditions for western governments on easing sanctions for burma. >> it is just a photograph but it could come to symbolize so much. burmese government ministers and the leader of the rubble political movement raising their glasses in a toast to the future.
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-- the leader of the rebel political movement raising their glasses and a toast to the future. the rebels have been fighting for more than 60 years. human-rights groups accuse government soldiers of a litany of abuses perpetrated against many of the ethnic minorities. could that be coming to an end? there is a legacy of deep distrust to be overcome. resolving the long-running ethnic conflict is a key demand of western nations as the british foreign secretary made clear during his visit to burma. the opposition leader has stressed the need for all the people of burma to be included in the evolving political process. the early signsñ of reform are encouraging, she said, but the outside world should remain vigilant. >> now that burma is on the verge of breakthrough to democracy, we have not yet seen
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a break through. we are on the verge of making such a breakthrough. >> in the major cities, quiet hope is replacing long held fear. if burma is to enjoy its future, this must stress to all areas of the country. the cease-fire might be a small but significant step towards that. >> big changes but hopeful times in burma. you're watching "bbc world news america," still to come -- two years after disaster struck in haiti, we return to see how they're struggling to recover. president was in cuba today to meet president castro. this is all part of a tour and south america to shore up support for his regime at a time
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with heightened tension with the u.s.. >> this is a whistle stop tour. cuba, the fourth country he has touched down in. ahmadinejad stepped out here apparently totally relaxed. he was given the warmest of cuban welcomes. there were no words for him, just this. a sign for victory. at the university, another show friendship. iran's president was awarded an honorary doctorate. there was no mention of the biggest issue of the day, iran developing nuclear weapons technology. europe is threatening more sanctions if they refuse to stop. ahmadinejad is clearly trying to send a message to the world. despite the increasing pressure from american and european union, iran has friends and one
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of them is cuba. these countries are united by their hostile relationships with america. perhaps on a dish of was hoping for some survival tips. he decided to rail against capitalism. this man said it was very positive. he said they have the right to develop the technology that they need. any problems can be solved through dialogue. so far, there has been no sign that iran plans to and it return to the negotiating table.
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>> two years ago today, a massive earthquake shook haiti. large parts of the country still bear the scars. more than 300,000 people died and a million and a half left homeless. there is some evidence of rebuilding. for many, the rebuilding is not coming fast enough. >> in just 35 seconds, the earthquake destroyed lives, homes, and the heart of haiti's government. that night, this man lost one daughter, he feared he would lose a second. >> she is fighting, but there is no help. all of her body was crushed under the rubble. >> she almost died. very little has changed. she has made a spectacular
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recovery. >> two years after, she is doing well. life is not as good and there are no jobs. we can fight said that we can go on. she is fighting. >> daily life is still a struggle for millions of haitians. half of the rubble from the earthquake has been removed and 5000 people are still living in tents the president, the center turned leader, promised to supporters change. >> we were slow to move the people out of the camp. >> lately, he has been able to do it. i can say that is a huge step. >> this park was a sea of tents after the earthquake. people that lost their home settled here. families have moved out. normal life is returning. for haitians, it is a small sign
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of progress. she has been given a grant to move art of the camp into this tiny apartment that she shares with her small children. >> it is better than living in a tent. how will i pay the rent next year? >> haiti prepares to mourned its dead. the ruins of the national cathedral or a place for reflection. >> for more on the conditions, we were joined earlier from port-au-prince. you have made several trips to haiti since the earthquake. what is the progress of reconstruction or lack of it that you have seen? >> what is interesting is that i was here before the earthquake and just talking to people, the general sense now is that in a strange way haiti is more or
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less where it was about six years ago, before the earthquake. the emergency state is over and now the reality of the grinding poverty that is daily life is all too apparent. only 17% have access to the toilet. 5 million are illiterate, 8 million live without electricity. the levels of poverty are absolutely extraordinary. they are there before the earthquake and they are there now. now, the perennial question of how to get haiti out of this situation and how to create jobs. >> you say that haiti for years was dependent on foreign aid really for its existence. a lot of money was pledged. we saw a huge outpouring after the earthquake to help the haitians. how much was actually delivered? >> about half of it has been
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spent but there were big problems. donor governments or about corruption. there was political instability. they have only had a new government for two and a half months. there is goodwill behind the government, there is momentum. the new haitian president is determined to have a program but can he get parliament to back him? it is all about internal politics. >> thank you so much for joining us and glad to see you back in haiti for us. two years on in haiti still struggling to recover. now for an interesting portrait being put together in the uk. queen elizabeth will be celebrating her diamond jubilee and thousands of schoolchildren are taking a role. they have been asked to take part in a very special arts project which will be projected onto the walls of buckingham palace.
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>> it is a celebration of faces, self portraits, of the nation's children. here at the school, they were having a very close look at themselves. >> what is this? >> this is a picture of myself. >> looking at the picture now, does everyone of that was? >> yes. >> why? >> my nose. >> once they're done, the portrait will be shrunk and become part of a new picture of the queen. >> my face might be part of her nose, mouth, eyes, hair. >> of the queen? >> yes, the queen. >> this is not quite yet me but one thing is it makes you think
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quite seriously not just about the way you look but who you are. i think i have myself there. >> yes. you did. >> a bit. >> described this one. >> very colorful, a lot of imagination. >> that is you. is that your face? >> yes, i am always smiling. >> if someone saw that, would they know that was you? >> well, yeah, because of my smile. >> the picture of britain's children, their faces and their feelings. >> a country that has changed a lot in 60 years since queen elizabeth took to the throne. that brings the show to a close but you can get updates on our website at any time.
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for all of us here at "bbc world news america," thank you for joining us. >> make sense of internationalbbc.com/news. >> funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, andand union bank. >> you are no longer in the service. only an outsider can find the double agent. >> i'll do my utmost. >> from the bestseller by john le carre -- >> all i want from you is one code name. >> it will take a master spy -- >> you are alone. >> you can't mention me. >> to catch a spy. >> you have to assume they're watching you. >> what the hell are you doing up here? >> things aren't always what they seem.
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>> "tinker tailor soldier spy." >> rated r. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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funding for curious george is provided by contributions to your pbs station... ooh. ...and from: (lively drum intro) ♪ you never do know what's around the bend ♪ ♪ big adventure or a brand-new friend ♪ ♪ when you're curious like curious george ♪ ♪ swing! ♪ ♪ well, every day ♪ every day ♪ ♪ is so glorious ♪ glorious ♪ george! ♪ and everything ♪ everything ♪ ♪ is so wondrous ♪ wondrous ♪ ♪ there's more to explore when you open the door ♪ ♪ and meet friends like this, you just can't miss ♪ ♪ i know you're curious ♪ curious ♪ ♪ and that's marvelous ♪ marvelous ♪ ♪ and that's your reward ♪ you'll never be bored ♪ if you ask yourself, "what is this?" ♪ ♪ like curious... ♪ like curious... curious george. ♪ oh... captioning sponsored by nbc/universal

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